One of the things that makes Yokohama one of the most interesting cities in Japan right now is their great use of the city’s prime oceanfront location. There is a great network of sightseeing boats, cruise ships and sea taxies crisscrossing the harbor and if you feel like you need to save your legs while sight seeing or want to try something else than a train or subway ride back to Yokohama station, then the Sea Taxi might be worth checking out. It is not that much more expensive than other public transportation and certainly cheaper than a normal taxi (although not cheaper than a rental bike or bicycle taxi).
I went on the little Sea Bass, the speediest sea taxi in Yokohama bay to save me from walking all the way back to a station and then get on a train back to Yokohama station. At 580 yen (children half price) the ticket price was not too much, especially considering that the night time view of Yokohama from the ocean is pretty sweet.
The Sea Bass commutes from Yamashita Park – Pier Akarenga – Minatomirai Pukari Sanbashi – Yokohama Station East Exit. On the way you will see all these destinations and more. In the last two decades there has been massive development in this area of Yokohama and I see new buildings every time I pass through, for example several new upscale apartment houses and a brad new commercial center at the east end of Yokohama Station. Well, brand new for me at least! You also get a good view of the Japan Coast Guard ships anchored at harbor and the opportunity to spot a lot of other ships and boats coming into or out of the harbor. In winter this ride was pretty chilly but it is fantastic in summer!
The grand Iseyama Koutai Jingu Shrine in Yokohama is one of the most important shrines in Kanagawa Prefecture, but like all shrines associated with Ise, you would not know it from the looks of it. Visually it is one of the most understated shrines in the region and although it is dedicated to the Sun and Star goddess Amaterasu, it was an overcast day in early January when I visited. The Guardian shrine of Yokohama, it was established in 1870 as an offshoot of the national Guardian shrine in Ise. As Yokohama opened to foreign trade there was a need to counteract the growing popularity and influence of Christianity.
In 1928 the shrine main building was destroyed in the massive Kanto Earthquake, but it was rebuilt in the same year.
Trouble did not stop there and today the shrine is also famous for something completely different. In 2002 it became the first shrine ever in Japan to be declared bankrupt. The shrine management ran into financial problems after speculative real estate developments during the Japanese era of the Bubble Economy in the 1980s to 1991. The financial troubles are still ongoing but in the long the shrine will probably survive the yen!
Apart from Amaterasu, the Shrine is also dedicated to Nenookami, the guardian spirit of Noge, the town where the shrine is located and also the place for a rather good zoo (which has no entrance charge!). It is best reached from Sakuragicho station in downtown Yokohama. The shrine is located on the top of a hill and it is quite a walk to get up there. Their official homepage has some nice photos.
On the way down from the shrine I found a plastic velociraptor LEGO toy that some child had dropped. I think he made a fine guardian of the shrine torii (last photo)!
The outermost edge of Yokohama city, towards the ocean, is known as Minato Moirai. Unlike Tokyo, Yokohama City makes as much use of their waterfront as possible and for the last 30 years the whole area has been under constant development with massive skyscrapers, piers, marinas, amusement parks, museum ships and observation towers, as well as the usual shopping centers. It seems like every year they finish a new part of the area. If you walk from the old Sakuragicho station area toward the harbor it is impossible to miss the giant Cosmo Clock 21, which until 1997 was the world’s tallest ferris wheel. Even though it has been heightened over the years it is still not the tallest in the world or even in Japan, even though its 60 cars bring passengers up to 112.5m height. At night the wheel lights up and functions as a clock, making it the largest clock in the world. It stands on the edge of Cosmo World, which is a comparatively small amusement park built right on the edge of the harbor.
The first thing anyone usually notices when entering Yokohama’s famous Chinatown is always the food. There are restaurants, food stores, street stalls and signs advertising food just about everywhere. After a good deal of food thinking, the second thing most people notice is the fact that they are completely lost. Chinatown is not big, you can walk across it in a few minutes but still people invariably find themselves lost and have no idea how to return to where they came from or how to find their bearings once they exit the Chinatown area. It happens to me every single time I visit and it gives a sort of strange pleasurable “spatial slip” where it really feels like I have just entered a different reality. Exiting the area dumps me back into the normal world, with the addition that I am always completely lost. It is fun but slightly disturbing.
Looking at the map of Chinatown easily explains the phenomena though. While all streets in Yokohama are roughly parallel to the shoreline, the streets in Chinatown are all at a very confusing 45 degree angle to the rest of the city. Some people attribute this to Feng Shui being applied in the original town planning by the Chinese who lived here but this is just an urban myth as the town streets were laid out before there were any Chinese people nor any Feng Shui anywhere near Yokohama. In reality the reason is a little more complicated, but mostly due to the fact that this part of Yokohama is built on reclaimed land. The area between Chinatown and the shoreline was once a long narrow lick of land made up of river deposits. This area was picked as a good place to house foreigners and to minimize their contact with the rest of the Yokohama more towards the mainland. But on one speck of land between the mainland, the bay and the Horikawa river there was the small village of Yokohama-Nitta which had plots of land and rice fields already laid out parallel to the meandering Horikawa river (which is still around but now locked in place). When the Shogun government wanted this piece of land for foreign use exclusively he ordered the residents to leave and paid them according to the amount of land they gave up. Hence the old footpaths and plots were kept intact (to make payment of compensation easier) and by the time the Chinese had settled there it was too late to change the street pattern. In time the inland bay was reclaimed and the straight street pattern that makes Yokohama so different from Tokyo had developed around Chinatown. You can see it on the map at the end of the post. I love that when I walk on the streets of Chinatown I am still following the footpaths laid out by the original rice farmers of Yokohama-Nitta village, many hundreds of years ago.
Although most of the original Chinese who settled here were from the Guangzhou (Canton) area, these days there are all sorts Chinese and Taiwanese people, as you can see in the flags and menus of these photos. While walking around I stopped to get one the most famous Chinese dishes of the area, the “nikuman” which is a soft steamed bun with meat filling. You can get them in any convenience store in Japan but the ones here are supposed to be better! And of course, the must have of any China Town, the peking duck show window! If you are into Chinese food you will love the Chukagai (中華街, Chinatown).